In this text, the handling of the cold temperate forests, and particularly of Mexican forests, which include pine, oak-pine, and “oyamel” forests mainly, is considered from an ecological approach. For this, forms of silvicultural exploitation are analyzed, locating forestry practices such as: establishment, growth, composition and quality of the forest vegetation, pruning, fertilization, irrigation, prescribed burn, ground removal, cleaning and recovery cuts. It is emphasized about the management in these ecosystems with respect to the way in which they are disturbed by the extraction practices, since basically the forest handling has by objective the production. As a proposal of suitable handling, eco-physiological aspects of trees, such as their adaptation to the competition by light, dryness, poor grounds and low temperatures, are taken into account. It is emphasized on the played function by forests in diverse vital environmental services for the survival of the man and the biosphere in general (recreation, excesses heat and luminosity, absorption, to restrain winds and to defend grounds of the erosion, CO2 capture, and regulation of the hydrologic cycle, mainly). Finally, the problematic of deforestation is registered and the option of forest handling is considered from the perspective of multiple uses within the framework of sustainability.